By Warwick Lister
Giovanni Battista Viotti used to be undoubtedly the main influential violinist of his time, and his type maintains to pervade to the current day. The final nice consultant of the Italian culture that Corelli all started, Viotti is usually thought of the founding father of the fashionable or 19th-century French college of violin taking part in. In Amico: The lifetime of Giovanni Battista Viotti, writer Warwick Lister offers the 1st entire biography in English of this regularly major violinist. a lot of the documentary fabric Lister cites is formerly unknown or no longer translated. Lister's biography takes the reader on a desirable trip over the ecu continent and into the musical tradition of the past due 18th century. Born twelve months sooner than Mozart and loss of life 3 years earlier than Beethoven's demise, Viotti rose from the standard origins of a blacksmith's son in a village close to Turin, Italy, to overseas repute. His multifarious occupation as a live performance performer, composer, instructor, opera theater director, and impresario used to be performed out opposed to the backdrop of a dramatically altering global - he served as a court docket musician for no much less a determine than Marie Antoinette earlier than founding an opera condominium in Paris. Viotti additionally knew tragedy in addition to good fortune: he used to be pressured to escape the French Revolution, he was once exiled from England for a longer interval in line with suspicions of sure Jacobin developments, his try to determine himself in enterprise met with failure, and he died seriously in debt. Lister concludes Amico via coming to grips with the very issues that account for Viotti's greatness and impact: the technical facets of his violin taking part in and compositions. With its huge documentary study and the inclusion of translations of assorted archival records, this is often the basic English-language biography of Viotti, an important addition to the libraries of scholars and students of 18th and early nineteenth century tune, in addition to violin performers, scholars, and teachers.
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Additional resources for Amico: The Life of Giovanni Battista Viotti
The ﬁngers supple [. 2. Crayon and chalk drawing of Pugnani by Coplestone Warre Bamphylde, 1769 (Hampshire Record Ofﬁce; 9M73/G1009). 39 He then lists seven ways in which the scale is to be practiced: 1) without inﬂections [. ], the sound of each note should be begun, continued, and terminated at the same level of loudness 2) beginning forte and ﬁnishing piano 3) beginning piano, crescendo and diminuendo 4) the scale in a given key, but played in every possible position 5) in semitones [chromatic scale], with the same inﬂections as above 6) with a trill on each note, same inﬂections 7) ﬁnally, practice all of this in the different keys, in different positions, and at different speeds We may permit ourselves the assumption that Viotti, in enunciating these principles and methods, was speaking from his own experience as a pupil, that, at least to an extent, they had been part of his own violinistic formation.
Thirty-four of Haydn’s symphonies, ranging from no. 1 to no. 105 That all of these manuscript sets of parts date from the mid-nineteenth century does not exclude the possibility that some of them are copies of earlier sets of parts, some perhaps acquired by 1776, so that they could have formed part of the repertory that Viotti played. Pugnani’s symphonies, of which seven survive, may have been among those performed every morning. 106 Was Gasparini shocked at the inclusion of a dance movement in such a sacred context?
G. B. ”41 It is more than likely, therefore, that Pugnani would have devoted a good part of his lesson time with Giambattista on long, sustained bow strokes, and scales are the most convenient, though not the only, and perhaps not the most interesting way of practicing such a technique. ” As for other technical training, it is easy to forget that all of the staples of the young violinist of today, the studies of Kreutzer, Rode, Fiorillo, Gaviniès, and the myriad others coming afterward, lay very much in the future when Viotti was studying with Pugnani.
Amico: The Life of Giovanni Battista Viotti by Warwick Lister