By Marty Klein
President George W. Bush says that, In our unfastened society, humans have the ideal to decide on how they dwell their lives. yet our executive and the spiritual correct are effectively censoring what you learn, listen, and notice; proscribing your entry to birth control; legislating stable ethical values; and brainwashing your children that God hates premarital intercourse. the proper has politicized deepest lifestyles, increasing the quarter of public sexuality. This promises regulations that might worsen social difficulties and increase own nervousness, offering facts that sexuality is essentially negativeâ€”so electorate call for more sex-negative policies. With examples ripped from today's headlines, with brutal honesty and a depraved humorousness, Marty Klein names names, demanding situations political hypocrisy, and exhibits the monetary connections among govt and conservative spiritual teams which are systematically casting off your rights. And, within the approach, altering American societyâ€”forever.
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Extra resources for America's War on Sex: The Attack on Law, Lust and Liberty (Sex, Love, and Psychology)
Seminal papers by Allais (1953), Ellsberg (1961), and Markowitz (1952) pointed out anomalous implications of expected and subjective expected utility. Strotz (1955) questioned exponential discounting. Later scientists demonstrated similar anomalies using compelling experiments that were easy to replicate (Kahneman and Tversky 1979, on expected utility; Thaler 1981, and Loewenstein and Prelec 1992, on discounted utility). As economists began to accept anomalies as counterexamples that could not be permanently ignored, developments in psychology identified promising directions for new theory.
The gambles lie “between” A and B in preference). Other new theories suggest that probability weights are “rank-dependent”—outcomes are first ranked, then their probabilities are weighted in a way that is sensitive to how they rank within the gamble that is being considered. One mathematical way to do this is transform 16 The intuition behind Rabin’s striking result is this: In expected-utility theory, rejecting a (ϩ$11, Ϫ$10) coin flip at wealth level W implies that the utility increase from the $11 gain is smaller than the total utility decrease from the $10 loss, meaning that the marginal utility of each dollar gained is at most 10/11 of the marginal utility of each dollar lost.
The classic example of a framing effect is the “Asian disease” problem in which people are informed about a disease that threatens 600 citizens and asked to choose between two undesirable options (Tversky and Kahneman 1981). In the “positive frame,” people are given a choice between (A) saving 200 lives for sure, or (B) a one-third chance of saving all 600 with a two-third chance of saving no one. In the “negative frame,” people are offered a choice between (C) 400 people B E H AV I O R A L E C O N O M I C S 13 dying for sure, or (D) a two-third chance of 600 dying and a one-third chance of no one dying.
America's War on Sex: The Attack on Law, Lust and Liberty (Sex, Love, and Psychology) by Marty Klein