By Zhifeng Ren, Yucheng Lan, Yang Wang
This publication offers a survey of the physics and fabrication of carbon nanotubes and their functions in optics, electronics, chemistry and biotechnology. It specializes in the structural characterization of varied carbon nanotubes, fabrication of vertically or parallel aligned carbon nanotubes on substrates or in composites, actual homes for his or her alignment, and purposes of aligned carbon nanotubes in box emission, optical antennas, gentle transmission, sunlight cells, chemical units, bio-devices, and so forth. significant fabrication equipment are illustrated intimately, relatively the main popular PECVD development process on which a variety of gadget integration schemes are established, through purposes reminiscent of electric interconnects, nanodiodes, optical antennas, and nanocoax sunlight cells, while present obstacles and demanding situations also are be mentioned to put the basis for destiny developments.
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Additional info for Aligned Carbon Nanotubes: Physics, Concepts, Fabrication and Devices
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From Liu et al.  (b) (a) 100 nm (c) 2 m Fig. 16 a AFM image of carbon nanotube rings cast on mica. Sano et al. . b Scanning force image of a bundle of CNT tori. From Liu et al. . c SEM image of toroidal CNTs consisting of curled SWCNT bundles. From Martel et al. 8 CNT Nanotorus and Micro-Rings A nanotorus (Fig. 15) is theoretically described as carbon nanotube bent into a torus (doughnut shape) [41, 97, 98]. It is believed that the heptagon-pentagon construction in CNTs can explain the formation of curved nanotubes, tori, or coils [99–101].
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Aligned Carbon Nanotubes: Physics, Concepts, Fabrication and Devices by Zhifeng Ren, Yucheng Lan, Yang Wang