By Cesare Dosi (auth.), Cesare Dosi (eds.)
Groundwater is endangered and polluted in different methods. Conservation and higher administration of this invisible source might be a key component of sustainable water guidelines. this is often very true in parts, corresponding to many Mediterranean areas, that are already uncovered to shortage difficulties and that are prone to adventure expanding festival among freshwater makes use of and clients. Agriculture is a crucial consumer of groundwater not just when it comes to abstractions, but in addition by way of new release and unencumber of pollution. Agricultural regulations, characteristically directed in the direction of different ambitions, are starting to pay extra consciousness to environmental issues. notwithstanding more beneficial tasks are required to minimize the strain upon groundwater assets and to accomplish a greater integration among agricultural and environmental guidelines.
This publication has been constructed from 3 workshops held as a part of the european Concerted motion SAGA, "Sustainable Agricultural Use of Aquifers in Southern Europe: Integration among Agricultural and Water administration rules" (FAIR5-CT97-3673). The Concerted motion and the workshops introduced jointly researchers operating in several yet complementary fields, in an effort to get an image of the state-of-the paintings approximately interlinkages among agriculture and groundwater, to boot a serious assessment of different regulatory ways and coverage tools geared toward bettering groundwater management.
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Extra info for Agricultural Use of Groundwater: Towards Integration Between Agricultural Policy and Water Resources Management
1992). 2. , 1981). Practices such as fertilization and tillage can increase the salt content of soils and drainage water, but the most important cause is irrigation. Irrigation is an agricuItural practice of major economic importance, especially in relatively warm and dry climates such as those which characterize the Mediterranean basin. Three processes can cause groundwater salinization in irrigated agriculture (Suarez, 1989): • increasing concentrations of saIt in the soil due to uptake of water by plants • downward movement of saIt in the unsaturated layer with leaching water • intrusion of saline water as a consequence of pumping groundwater for irrigation.
3. Groundwater quality All over Europe, groundwater is endangered in numerous ways (European Environmental Ageney, 1998b). Pollutants include heavy metals, ehlorinated hydroearbons, mineral oils (mainly attributable to leaehing of dumping sites and munieipal or industrial sourees) and salts, nitrates and pestieides aeeumulated on farmland and dispersed through natural proeesses or farming praetiees. Saltwater is another potential pollutant in eoastal regions where groundwater abstraetions exeeed the reeharge rates of aquifers.
4. Salt contamination of aquifers Generally speaking, contamination by salt reduces water quality for human consumption, while agriculture and irrigation are extremely sensitive to the accumulation of salt in the soil zone. Saltwater is often in a delicate equilibrium with freshwater aquifers. g. in the case of disposal of minor salt-containing wastes), centuries (regional scale saltwater intrusion), or millennia (salt dissolution in deep formations) (Frind, 1982). A proper evaluation of the environmental impacts and economic effects associated with salt contamination phenomena therefore requires monitoring and analysis of the short, medium, and long-term response of the threatened system.
Agricultural Use of Groundwater: Towards Integration Between Agricultural Policy and Water Resources Management by Cesare Dosi (auth.), Cesare Dosi (eds.)