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Or from Publications, The World Bank, 66, avenue d'Iéna, 75116 Paris, France. ISSN: 0259-210X Aruna Bagchee is a social scientist and policy analyst who works in India as a public administrator. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Bagchee, Aruna, 1946- Agricultural extension in Africa / Aruna Bagchee. p. cm.  Africa Technical Department series) Includes bibliographical references (p. ).  Agricultural extension workAfrica, Sub-SaharanCongresses.  Title.  Series: World Bank discussion papers; 231.

Sixty-six percent of the sample farmers, deriving their main income from agriculture, reported receiving extension advice since the introduction of T&V. The majority of these recipients rated this advice as being applicable, and indicated that they had never been advised by extension before T&V was introduced. The proportions of small-, medium- and large-scale farmers, and of farmers from male- and female-headed households, who received extension advice were also the same. For the Kenyan data, the range estimated by the study for the rate of return on the additional investments in expanding the present T&V-based extension system has a mid-point of 350 percent, and a lower limit that has a high probability of being at least 160 percent.

In the light of these objectives, the main questions discussed at Accra and Abidjan regarding management of extension services, were: (i) How can government funding and commitment be ensured? (ii) What is meant by 'modified T&V' extension systems? and (iii) In what sense should extension be unified? How Can Funding and Commitment Be Ensured? One of the major concerns facing agricultural extension systems in Africa today is the problem of funds. All the T&V projects were started under IDA credits.

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Agricultural Extension in Africa (World Bank Discussion Paper) by Aruna Bagchee

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