By Asami Miketa, Keywan Riahi, Richard Alexander Roehrl, Leo Schrattenholzer
Sustainable improvement and worldwide weather swap have figured prominently in clinical research and foreign policymaking because the early Nineties. This e-book formulates know-how thoughts that might bring about environmentally sustainable strength platforms, in response to an research of world weather switch concerns utilizing the concept that of sustainable improvement. The authors concentrate on environmentally suitable, long term expertise advancements in the worldwide power process, whereas additionally contemplating points of financial and social sustainability. The authors research a good number of substitute eventualities and illustrate the diversities among those who meet the standards for sustainable improvement and people who don't. due to their research, they establish numerous promising socio-economic and environmental improvement paths which are in line with sustainable improvement. One sustainable-development situation and its coverage implications are then awarded intimately from a expertise switch viewpoint. The authors suggest bold goals for know-how adoption which are judged to accomplish the specified socio-economic and environmental targets. even though the optimum coverage combine to pursue those pursuits is obviously country-specific, the authors recommend that energy-related R&D that ends up in know-how functionality advancements and the advertising of know-how adoption in area of interest markets are the coverage ideas to be able to yield the main major long term merits. Policymakers, economists and researchers engaged on sustainability, strength economics, and know-how swap and innovation will welcome this topical and hugely readable publication.
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9). Sooner or later, sulphur emissions begin to decrease in all scenarios, ranging from immediate decrease in the B1 scenarios to more gradual, later and less stringent controls in the A2 scenario, for instance. This pattern reflects both the impact of recent legislation for a drastic reduction in sulphur emissions in OECD countries as well as an anticipated gradual introduction of sulphur control policies in developing regions in the long term. It is important to note that all these scenarios are sulphur-control scenarios only and do not assume any additional climate-policy measures.
IIASA-WEC C2 In IIASA-WEC C2, a new generation of advanced nuclear reactors is developed. The basic role of nuclear energy is the same as in A1T (see the description above), that is, it is widely accepted. 4. 5. 4 RESULTS OF ALL THREE SCENARIO SETS The overall supply characteristics of an E3 scenario are best illustrated in a so-called ‘energy triangle’. 35 352 1213 2021 352 837 755 352 911 1157 352 819 714 352 1040 1859 352 601 881 352 601 880 Key: EJ = Exajoules; GtC = Gigatons of carbon; K = Degrees Kelvin; MtS = Million tons of sulphur; ppmv = parts per million by volume.
For the presentation in this book, we selected altogether 34 scenarios that have been developed and published by the ECS Program at IIASA since Energy–economy–environment scenarios at IIASA-ECS 25 1998. , 2001). Of the 34 scenarios, 13 were used for the cluster analysis described in the next chapter. The 34 scenarios can be classified into three subgroups. 6). In these sustainable-development scenarios, relatively low GHG emissions levels are achieved. Nineteen GHG mitigation scenarios. These scenarios explore cases in which the global atmospheric CO2 concentration is stabilized at various levels.
Achieving a sustainable global energy system: identifying possibilities using long-term energy scenarios by Asami Miketa, Keywan Riahi, Richard Alexander Roehrl, Leo Schrattenholzer