A Race Against Time:the Challenge of Cardiovascular Disease by Stephen Leeder, Susan Raymond, Henry Greenberg, Hui Liu, PDF

By Stephen Leeder, Susan Raymond, Henry Greenberg, Hui Liu, Kathy Esson

ISBN-10: 0975433601

ISBN-13: 9780975433607

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Extra info for A Race Against Time:the Challenge of Cardiovascular Disease in Developing Economies

Example text

Aging implies that the proportion of older people is increasing and that life expectancy is increasing, but in ‘young’ countries, this will manifest itself first in increased numbers of young adults and middle-aged people, more than in increased numbers of older people. Both these trends reflect different effects of aging in the seven countries. Because CVD mortality increases as population longevity increases, this will have implications for all the study countries, in particular for China and Russia, and to a less extent for India, Brazil and South Africa.

But, over time, the prevalence of many CVD risk factors is also likely to increase in these countries. In particular, higher levels of smoking, overweight, diabetes and high blood pressure will put people at even greater risk than they are at present. A range of factors contributes to this trend in developing countries, including the impact of industrialization, urbanization, globalization and increasing wealth. Increased urbanization is associated with a growing labor force and an aging (although not necessarily old) population.

This is due to their anticipated demographic development. S. and by 30% in Portugal. For Brazil the figure is 64%, for China 57%, and for India, an incredible 95%. S. and comparable with Portugal. Only in Russia does the number of years lost lag, largely because death rates are already at such high levels and the size of the population at risk is falling. It is instructive to disaggregate these PPYLL figures into decades for the age group 35-64 to see in which decades the changes in years of productive life lost are most significant.

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A Race Against Time:the Challenge of Cardiovascular Disease in Developing Economies by Stephen Leeder, Susan Raymond, Henry Greenberg, Hui Liu, Kathy Esson


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