By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Ocean Studies Board
This publication describes the advance of ocean sciences during the last 50 years, highlighting the contributions of the nationwide technological know-how starting place (NSF) to the field's growth. some of the people who participated within the interesting discoveries in organic oceanography, chemical oceanography, actual oceanography, and marine geology and geophysics describe within the booklet how the discoveries have been made attainable via mixtures of insightful contributors, new expertise, and on occasion, serendipity.
as well as describing the improvement of ocean technology, the ebook examines the institutional constructions and expertise that made the advances attainable and provides visions of the field's destiny. This publication is the first-ever documentation of the heritage of NSFâ€™s department of Ocean Sciences, how the constitution of the department developed to its current shape, and the people who were accountable for ocean sciences at NSF as â€œrotatorsâ€ and profession employees during the last 50 years.
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Additional resources for 50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950-2000
Another important weakness is that we are practicing biological oceanographers. It is unrealistic to expect an objective history of baseball from players who are in the middle of a playoff game. Our paper is very subjectiveinteresting and informative, we hope, but not necessarily objective. Selecting achievements to include was not difficult; the agonizing aspect was what to leave out. In biology there are many kinds of achievements. In this short paper we do not do justice to the diversity of biological oceanography.
The active scientific community is busy writing proposals to be discussed at a planned international conference in 1999. Urgent messages are in the air that we should all be demonstrating support for and submitting proposals for work in an Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) to follow ODP, and using two ships, riser and nonriser. We appear still to lack concordance on major new scientific initiatives, initiatives of the scope and imagination of the original Mohole project, initiatives that can capture the attention of large segments of not only the scientific community but the public and Congress as well.
The objective was to determine the history of relative sea level changes as an entree to the history of tectonic subsidence of a sector of the continental margin, which was known to have been a shallow-water reef area during the Late Cretaceous, some 70 million years ago. For this venture, NSF, on the advice of JOIDES, awarded the managerial contract to Lamont, which seized the offer of an oil company to allow use of its chartered vessel D/V CaMrill while it was in transit from Panama to Canada.
50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950-2000 by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Ocean Studies Board